The short answer to both is no.
However, much depends on your definition of science. If you are looking for laws, objectivity and predictability, then science is really confined to physics, chemistry and molecular biology. The scientific part of astrology: tidal, seismic and meteorological correlations are an ancient and important part of astrology, but not enough to classify astrology as a hard science. The same argument applies to many other so-called sciences: such as climatology and meteorology. Most scientists argue that fields that involve human consciousness and behaviour such as psychology, sociology, economics or human senses such as nutrition or music are not science.
It is arguable that evolution is not scientific under this strict definition. The nearest equivalents to astrology are cooking or horticulture which are both a mix of art, science and craft. Science has greatly improved the quality of our lives and enhanced our understanding of nature, but many fields that really matter to our lives are not scientific.
Those who dismiss these alternative viewpoints support scientism, Such fundamental beliefs are counter to the open inquiring spirit of science. In scientism a claim is false until proven. In science a claim is unproven until proven. Some argue that using certain dictionary definitions of science, there's a case that astrology is a science as there is a body of knowledge that can be taught. OED However, the practice of astrology by most astrologers is better defined as an art or a craft than as a science and it would be wrong for these type of astrologers to claim to be scientists.
As such it would also be equally wrong for a scientist who has not studied astrology, to consider him or herself qualified to judge such practices since they are outside the realm of science. If you have read this far, you will now know there are no grounds to dismiss astrology as complete rubbish from a scientific point of view. If you still believe astrology to be rubbish, ask yourself, is your belief based on astrological knowledge and actual experience?
Or is it blind faith inspired by feelings? Or were you won-over by an illusionist's trick? Or were you informed by a second-hand opinion that appears authoritative, but is based on an ill-informed, outdated or prejudiced view of astrology? Those who have studied astrology are the best authorities on the subject. Criticism of Astrology and Astrologers I admit that I am guilty of most of these criticisms.
Astrologers must learn from history that their practice must respond to changing scientific knowledge and changing consciousness to survive. Astrologers should do more research, of the scale and quality of Gauquelin. There are only a few practicing astrologers and even fewer would dare to dedicate their life to the thankless task of research without funding in the face of hostile peers.
The quality of practice of astrology is variable. Though we are limited with the tools at our disposal, many astrologers could take a more empirical approach to their work. Astrologers are largely unregulated. There are professional bodies and astrological schools who require that members adhere to a code of rules and standards.
However, not all astrologers comply with that system. Astrologers disagree with each other in fundamental ways even though there is for example, a consensus about the energy connected with the planet Mars. But then psychologists, cosmologists and climatologists are deeply divided. Does that make their fields less valid or more complex?
Jyothisha also implies Vedic Astrology. It is sideral in nature, which means it is based on the actual observable constellations fixed stars for its delineations of signs of zodiac. The orientation of the equinoxes to the fixed stars changes over time according to the precession of the earth on its axis. Vedic astrology orients the zodiac to the central galactic sun, whose influence comes to us through the fixed stars of the constellation Sagittarius.
In terms of zodiac, the galactic centre is located, according to the Vedic system, in the lunar constellation Nakshtra called Mula, meaning the root or source. The last nakshtra then would be Jyesta, the eldest, and it covers the last part of the Scorpio. The planet Jupiter, guru, the teacher, transmits the energy of galactic sun in the Vedic system. Sideral astrology is, therefore, cosmic astrology and covers a broad area. I am sure he knows what he is talking about. I feel that he would fit the bill of a "scientist " by our hard core Indian intellectual standards! Extremes of views only generate terrorists of various kinds, the latest in the list of terrorist is the " scientific fundamentalist" who wants to shoot down any idea that does not fit in with his line of thinking.
How would a conventional scientist explain the dramatic effect of intercessory prayer with the patient and doctor being blinded about the prayer on heart attack patients' outcome? There was a marked reduction in the "prayed for" group compared to a "matched control group" of non-prayed for cohort of patients, done prospectively in an American University hospital, reported in the prestigious Archives of Internal Medicine 25 th October issue on page ? The conclusion of the study, done on a total of patients, was that "remote, intercessory prayer was associated with lower CCU course scores.
The result suggests that prayer may be an effective adjunct to standard medical care after a heart attack! Let us not be the prisoners of the knowledge that accrues from our five senses only. There is much more than what meets the eye in the affairs of this world! We need a new culture in science. Most high priests of science work secretly without any knowledge of humanity's needs. Physics works with highly abstracted goals; but needs a paradigm shift in its attitude to follow a culture that is less obsessed with particles and forces, and more with human beings and our needs.
This is supposed to give "integrated, mathematically elegant expression to forces operative in the cosmos.
They claim that this unified superforce would be, in the words of one distinguished physicist, " the fountainhead of all existence. As the TOE theory is hotting up, there is the rise of a deep current of quasi-religious sentiments expressed by another group of equally accomplished physicists that has come up with the "God particle", "Face of God", or "Mind of God" theory! Consequently, high priests of physics and their chelas take on an elevated position to be the custodians of all the wisdom in this universe to preach to the ignorant lay people that life without this kind of science is worthless.
Any dissenting voice is put down with abuses and other extreme methods. Writing in my article Genes, Dreams, and Realities I had predicted that the genome, when unravelled, would surprise all of us and will not give us all the answers to man's ills and might even bring much sorrow in its wake! I was criticized and damned. Curiously, her work is in agreement with Sage Kapila who talks of "Beejaha, beejabaghaha" Chromosomes and genes in the holistic concept of man and his illness. The Darwin's theory of "Survival of the Fittest" does not stand the test of present day scrutiny.
Butterflies are capable of altering the genes of their offsprings inside the womb to make them survive in a hostile environment. Woman could change her baby's organs based on her nutritional environment during the first trimester of pregnancy. But there is a renewed effort to repackage and sell Darwinism by the scientific establishment. Blind Watchmaker by Richard Dawson is an attempt in that direction. The social Darwinist, the socialists, also should realise that the "Class struggle" for existence, after all starts with co-operation inside the class to fight another class.
That co-operation could include the hated class also to have peaceful co-existence. The latter could be the best mantra at this time when the world is going through the worst kind of war-man hating man.
We need peace academics and scientists, and ministries of peace in governments rather than conflict journalism and war reporting. When the date and other obvious clues were removed, no significant results were found to suggest there was any preferred chart. In 10 studies, participants picked horoscopes that they felt were accurate descriptions, with one being the "correct" answer. Again the results were no better than chance. In a study of sets of people born within 5 minutes of each other "time twins" to see if there was any discernible effect, no effect was seen.
No effect was seen. In , astrologer  and psychologist Michel Gauquelin stated that although he had failed to find evidence to support such indicators as the zodiacal signs and planetary aspects in astrology, he had found positive correlations between the diurnal positions of some of the planets and success in professions such as doctors, scientists, athletes, actors, writers, painters, etc. Geoffrey Dean has suggested that the effect may be caused by self-reporting of birth dates by parents rather than any issue with the study by Gauquelin.
The suggestion is that a small subset of the parents may have had changed birth times to be consistent with better astrological charts for a related profession. The sample group was taken from a time where belief in astrology was more common. Gauquelin had failed to find the Mars effect in more recent populations, [c] where a nurse or doctor recorded the birth information. The number of births under astrologically undesirable conditions was also lower, indicating more evidence that parents choose dates and times to suit their beliefs. Beyond the scientific tests astrology has failed, proposals for astrology face a number of other obstacles due to the many theoretical flaws in astrology  : 62  : 24 including lack of consistency, lack of ability to predict missing planets, lack of any connection of the zodiac to the constellations, and lack of any plausible mechanism.
The underpinnings of astrology tend to disagree with numerous basic facts from scientific disciplines. Testing the validity of astrology can be difficult because there is no consensus amongst astrologers as to what astrology is or what it can predict. Georges Charpak and Henri Broch dealt with claims from western astrology in the book Debunked! ESP, Telekinesis, and other Pseudoscience. They commented on the example of Elizabeth Teissier who claimed that "the sun ends up in the same place in the sky on the same date each year" as the basis for claims that two people with the same birthday but a number of years apart should be under the same planetary influence.
Charpak and Broch noted that "there is a difference of about twenty-two thousand miles between Earth's location on any specific date in two successive years" and that thus they should not be under the same influence according to astrology. Over a 40 years period there would be a difference greater than , miles.
Astrology consists of a number of belief systems that hold that there is a relationship between astronomical phenomena and events or descriptions of personality. Abstract from a study published in The Society for Scientific Exploration: Six expert astrologers independently attempted to match 23 atrological birth charts to the.
James, commented that attaching significance to the constellation on the celestial sphere the sun is in at sunset was done on the basis of human factors—namely, that astrologers didn't want to wake up early, and the exact time of noon was hard to know. Further, the creation of the zodiac and the disconnect from the constellations was because the sun is not in each constellation for the same amount of time. The tropical zodiac has no connection to the stars, and as long as no claims are made that the constellations themselves are in the associated sign , astrologers avoid the concept that precession seemingly moves the constellations because they don't reference them.
Some astrologers make claims that the position of all the planets must be taken into account, but astrologers were unable to predict the existence of Neptune based on mistakes in horoscopes. Instead Neptune was predicted using Newton's law of universal gravitation. On the demotion of Pluto to the status of dwarf planet , Philip Zarka of the Paris Observatory in Meudon , France wondered how astrologers should respond: . Should astrologers remove it from the list of luminars [Sun, Moon and the 8 planets other than earth] and confess that it did not actually bring any improvement?
If they decide to keep it, what about the growing list of other recently discovered similar bodies Sedna, Quaoar. Astrology has been criticised for failing to provide a physical mechanism that links the movements of celestial bodies to their purported effects on human behaviour. In a lecture in , Stephen Hawking stated "The reason most scientists don't believe in astrology is because it is not consistent with our theories that have been tested by experiment.
Bok , Lawrence E. Jerome, and Paul Kurtz. They said that there is no scientific foundation for the tenets of astrology and warned the public against accepting astrological advice without question. Their criticism focused on the fact that there was no mechanism whereby astrological effects might occur:. We can see how infinitesimally small are the gravitational and other effects produced by the distant planets and the far more distant stars.
It is simply a mistake to imagine that the forces exerted by stars and planets at the moment of birth can in any way shape our futures. Astronomer Carl Sagan declined to sign the statement. Sagan said he took this stance not because he thought astrology had any validity, but because he thought that the tone of the statement was authoritarian, and that dismissing astrology because there was no mechanism while "certainly a relevant point" was not in itself convincing.
In a letter published in a follow-up edition of The Humanist , Sagan confirmed that he would have been willing to sign such a statement had it described and refuted the principal tenets of astrological belief. This, he argued, would have been more persuasive and would have produced less controversy. The use of poetic imagery based on the concepts of the macrocosm and microcosm, "as above so below" to decide meaning such as Edward W. James' example of "Mars above is red, so Mars below means blood and war", is a false cause fallacy.
They reported in the current issue of the Journal of Consciousness Studies: "The test conditions could hardly have been more conducive to success. My apologies for challenging you. The zodiac is divided into twelve zones of the sky, each named after the constellation that originally fell within its zone Taurus, Leo, etc. We are free to handle problems or go under with them, to take advantage of opportunities or to let them go by. Michel Gauquelin started the ball rolling in earnest with his study of the so-called Mars effect. How you deal with challenges and experiences of everyday life. Realize that it was only in the turn of the century that phrenology studying the physical features of one's skull was well accepted, in that the lumps and defaults of one's cranium could be interpreted analogously to your personality.
Many astrologers claim that astrology is scientific. If the astrologer insisted on being inconsistent with the current understanding and evidential basis of physics, that would be an extraordinary claim. Carl Jung sought to invoke synchronicity , the claim that two events have some sort of acausal connection, to explain the lack of statistically significant results on astrology from a single study he conducted.
However, synchronicity itself is considered neither testable nor falsifiable. It has also been shown that confirmation bias is a psychological factor that contributes to belief in astrology. From the literature, astrology believers often tend to selectively remember those predictions that turned out to be true and do not remember those that turned out false.
Another, separate, form of confirmation bias also plays a role, where believers often fail to distinguish between messages that demonstrate special ability and those that do not. Thus there are two distinct forms of confirmation bias that are under study with respect to astrological belief. The Barnum effect is the tendency for an individual to give a high accuracy rating to a description of their personality that supposedly tailored specifically for them, but is, in fact, vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people.
If more information is requested for a prediction, the more accepting people are of the results. In Bertram Forer conducted a personality test on students in his classroom. The personality descriptions were taken from a book on astrology. By a process known as self-attribution, it has been shown in numerous studies that individuals with knowledge of astrology tend to describe their personalities in terms of traits compatible with their astrological signs. The effect is heightened when the individuals were aware that the personality description was being used to discuss astrology. Individuals who were not familiar with astrology had no such tendency.
In , sociologist Theodor W. Adorno conducted a study of the astrology column of a Los Angeles newspaper as part of a project that examined mass culture in capitalist society. False balance is where a false, unaccepted or spurious viewpoint is included alongside a well reasoned one in media reports and TV appearances and as a result the false balance implies "there were two equal sides to a story when clearly there were not".
Following the complaints of astrology believers, Cox gave the following statement to the BBC: "I apologise to the astrology community for not making myself clear. I should have said that this new age drivel is undermining the very fabric of our civilisation. Studies and polling has shown that the belief in astrology is higher in western countries than might otherwise be expected. Some of the reported belief levels are due to a confusion of astrology with astronomy the scientific study of celestial objects.
The closeness of the two words varies depending on the language. This may partially be due to the implicit association amongst the general public, of any wording ending in "ology" with a legitimate field of knowledge. In half of the polls, the word "astrology" was used, while in the other the word "horoscope" was used. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Main article: astrology and astronomy. James  : Main article: Mars effect. See also: Forer effect. Making sense of astrology. Amherst, N. Looking for coincidences post hoc is of very dubious value, see Data dredging. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. Bibcode : IAUS..